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Dental Caries Symptoms and Causes - Dental Health Care Guides
Dental Health Care Guides

Dental Caries Symptoms and Causes

Dental caries is often called cavities or tooth decay. They are considered as the world’s most common dental problem. This problem is caused by a number of factors such as poor dental hygiene, too much snacking, bacteria, and sipping sweet beverages. Dental caries starts when there is permanent damage on the surface of teeth that eventually cause holes. They can happen to anyone from children to adults. Even, infants can also suffer from dental caries. Cavities must be soon treated otherwise they will get severe affecting the deeper layers of your teeth. If they are left untreated, tooth loss, further infection, and severe tooth pain may occur. If you do not want to suffer from cavities, starting from now on you must improve your oral hygiene and visit your dentist regularly.

what are ehe causes of dental caries dental caries symptoms and causes

Signs and Symptoms of Dental Caries

Knowing the signs early can help you to prevent cavities from getting larger and more severe. Common symptoms include a toothache, teeth staining, visible holes, and tooth sensitivity. However, when the cavity just starts at the beginning, some of the symptoms might not be noticeable. That is why many people are sometimes not aware that a cavity is forming on their teeth. It does not mean that it is difficult to treat the early formation of a cavity. What you need to do is just to do regular dental checkup even when you think there’s no problem at all with your teeth.

Understanding the causes of the cavity is important so you know how to prevent it earlier. It starts with the buildup of plaque. How does plaque form? For your information bacteria can enter your mouth easily through foods and drinks that you eat daily. When they are caught up in your teeth and are not cleaned off the teeth right away, they can form a substance coating the teeth called plaque in which the plaque itself feed bacteria that make them grow so fast. The bacteria produce acids that make the plaque larger and harder. When it hardens, it will be very difficult to remove.

Not only is plaque difficult to remove, it can attack the teeth. The acids produced by bacteria that are hidden in the plaque remove minerals in your teeth’s enamel. Eventually, it leads to small openings or holes (that gets bigger over time). The condition when the outer enamel is affected belongs to the first stage of dental caries. It develops to further stages when the bacteria attack dentin. The dentin is the deeper layer of the teeth. The destruction keeps going that it affect pulp (the inner tooth material). It cause a severe pain and may result in a tooth abscess, broken teeth, and chewing problems.

There are some different methods to treat cavities depending on the severity level. For a mild cavity, a dentist may recommend fluoride treatment. Fluoride contains in mouthwash and toothpaste. It is available in the form of foam, gel, and liquid. If the cavity has advanced to next level, fillings or restorations are the right treatment. In this method, the holes are filled with resins, porcelain, and other materials. When the decay has affected pulp, the possible treatments are root canals or even root extraction.