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Everything You Need to Know about Gum Abscess
Dental Health Care Guides

Everything You Need to Know about Gum Abscess

A gum abscess can happen to anyone especially those who have ever had a gum infection, cavities or other dental problems. Dental abscesses fall into two types; a periapical and periodontal abscess. A periapical abscess affects the tooth while a periodontal abscess affects the gum. An abscess should be treated right away to prevent from severe periodontal disease. However, it is sometimes not easy to detect any infection at first. The most noticeable sign is intense pain. The pain is sharp and continuous. Not long after that, usually one or two days after the gum is infected, an abscess forms followed by trouble chewing and lesion formation.

What are the causes of gum abscess? The condition is merely caused by the presence of bacteria in the plaque. The plaque is the buildup of remaining food and debris trapped. It attracts bacteria and eventually the bacteria infect the area. In this stage, the patients have what is called as periodontitis. Later on, it causes inflammation of the gum, separating gum ligament from the root, causing a small gap called a periodontal pocket. The pocket is very easy to get dirty as they are filled with debris and remaining food. The presence of bacteria makes it worse as they build up the pocket. It then causes a gum abscess.

gum abscess and tooth infection everything you need to know about gum abscess

Gum Abscess Caused

Although most periodontal abscesses are preceded by periodontitis, there are also cases where gum damage can lead to periodontal abscess before it develops into periodontitis. The abscess can be also caused by an improper procedure in treating periodontal pockets and also the use of antibiotics that mask the sign of an abscess.

Because gum abscess can cause several periodontal diseases, once you feel any symptom of abscess, see your dentist. Swishing salt water can help relieve the pain. Your dentist will also prescribe pain medication. Your dentist will perform some procedures to treat gum abscess. First of all, he will clean the infected area to remove the bacteria that are present there. It includes scaling and root planning. Not only do root planning and scaling provide a deeper cleaning, they also smooth the tooth and root surface. Antibiotics are often given to kill the remaining bacteria.

After the abscess is treated by your dentist, you should practice good oral care in order to keep it from coming back. Your dentist might recommend you using particular toothpaste that offers bacteria-fighting protection. Such toothpaste provides advanced deep cleaning that prevents plaque and tartar buildup. Don’t forget to schedule a regular visit to a dentist at least twice a year and even more frequently if you have a history of gum infection and other dental problems. Keep in mind that proper and consistent care is the best way to prevent gum abscess from reoccurring. It also prevents further complication such as sinusitis or cyst. During the recovery, you might need to change your diet. Avoid either cold or hot foods. Eat soft food. If you need to chew, chew the food on the other side of the mouth (the one that’s not infected).

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