The first information people look for when they are suffered from a certain disease is how to cure it and after that, they might want to know why and how they can get the disease. For many people, it is important to know what causes a particular disease. Knowing the causes can help them prevent the disease to come back again in the future. A periodontal abscess is a condition where gums are infected by bacteria so they become inflamed and form an abscess. Abscesses are usually very painful and they contain pus. You might be interested in how a person can get this gum disease.
A gum abscess is preceded by mild gum inflammation called gingivitis. Gingivitis progresses to periodontal abscess through a gradual process. Gingivitis occurs when gums are inflamed due to the buildup of plaque in the base of teeth. Bacteria thrive in the plaque and eventually irritate the gums and their surroundings. In this stage, the irritated gums may not hurt. People often do not realize that they have gingivitis until they find their gums bleed easily when brushing. Gingivitis is a prelude of more serious gum diseases. In this early stage, there is no occurrence of gums tissue damage so the tissue is still firmly holding the teeth in their sockets.
Caused and Treatment of Periodontal Abscess
When gingival infection is left untreated, it will cause periodontitis. In this stage, the gums get damaged in a way that their inner layer begins to come off, revealing the bottom part of the teeth. Thus, pockets are formed. Debris and bacteria build up in the pockets, causing plaque and gums infection. Over time, the supporting tissue and bone are destroyed. The damage gets worse with time. As a result teeth become loose because the bone and tissue are no longer able to anchor them. This stage is called periodontitis.
The time when parts of the body are being infected allows the immune systems try to fight the infection that results in the presence of the abscess. From what is explained above, it can be concluded that the main cause of gum diseases including a periodontal abscess is a plaque. In addition, there are some other contributing factors such as certain health problems like HIV infection and diabetes, bad habits like smoking and drinking alcoholic drinks, hormonal changes that cause gums to be more sensitive like having menstrual cycle and pregnancy, certain medications, and poor oral hygiene. It is also believed that gum diseases may be triggered by genetic factors.
Although gingivitis precedes other gum diseases, if it is well-treated, it won’t lead to periodontal abscesses. In order to prevent abscesses in the mouth, prompt treatment is necessary. Right away after you notice that your gums are inflamed around the teeth, see your dentist. He or she will recommend the right treatment to stop the progression of the inflammation. When it is still in its early stage, it is easy to reverse gum disease. What you need to do is to do better and more proper oral hygiene and leave any habits that may contribute to the diseases.