Canker sore is a common oral problem that might occur in some areas in the mouth such as on the gums, under the tongue and on the inside of lips and cheeks. The sores are oval or round with a red border and yellow center. How long do canker sores last? Usually, it takes 1 to 3 weeks for minor canker sores to completely heal. Meanwhile, major canker sores need more time to heal. Canker sores can be very painful and you will find it difficult to talk or eat, even just to open the mouth. Although having a canker sore is a common problem, due to the pain and discomfort it causes, many people want to get rid of it quickly.
Types of Canker Sores
There are two types of canker sores. The least severe one and the most common one is minor canker sores. The sores are oval and small. They heal quickly in one to a couple of weeks without scarring left. The second type is major canker stores which are deeper, larger, and of course more painful than the minor ones. They have round shapes and can be very large. The major canker sores need more time to heal, for about 4 to 6 weeks. After they heal, extensive scarring is often left.
Minor canker sores can heal themselves. However, there are times when it is necessary to have a dental visit such us when you have recurring sores, frequent outbreaks, large canker sores, and persistent sores that do not heal in a couple of weeks. Sometimes, the sores can spread to the lips. This condition also needs immediate dental treatment. Another condition that might be a sign of infection or inflammation is high fewer. Over-the-counter medicine can reduce the body temperature but it does not mean that the complication will also go away. Therefore, you should see a dentist. Even when it’s just a minor sore, if it causes extreme difficulty of drinking, eating, and talking, you should ask a dentist’s help to heal it faster.
So, what are the causes of canker sores? In fact, the exact cause is still unclear. However, there are some factors that possibly triggers the outbreaks for example injury to the mouth caused by dental work, aggressive brushing, cheek bite, and sports accidents, bacterial allergic, deficient of folic acid, zinc, vitamin B-12, and particular food sensitivities. It has also been reported that sodium lauryl sulfate contained in mouthwashes also trigger cancer sores. Other triggers are emotional stress and female hormonal changes. This explains why cankers sores occur more in females than males. One way to prevent canker sores is to avoid the trigger such as not brushing teeth aggressively, consume more vitamins and minerals, and managing stress during menstruation cycle.
People who are suffered from certain diseases can also get canker sores easier than normal people. The diseases include inflammation disorders, defective immune system, and HIV/AIDS. Cancer sores can happen to anyone but they occur more often in females and people at the age of 15 to 25. Meanwhile, recurrent canker sores have something to do with family history.