Wisdom teeth refer to the molars, which rise from the gums at ages from 17 to 25. Let us first realize what problems an impacted wisdom tooth can introduce for a patient and why removal becomes a necessity before going into the discussion regarding impacted wisdom teeth removal procedures.
The term “impaction of the wisdom tooth” refers to a state in which that tooth had not erupted out of the gum line as it had been presumed to be. Instead the gingiva the tooth, or by an existing tooth obstructed it, or even by the bone in. The effect can be food debris accumulation in the surrounding region of the gums which might lead to growth of bacteria. Not only will the wisdom tooth decay, but even the following tooth might rot too. Due to disease and tooth decay, the individual also suffer with bad breath and might face difficulty in opening his or her mouth, experience swelling and redness of the gums. Those individuals wearing braces may also confront problem due to the impacted wisdom tooth. In this situation, there’s no other manner, but to remove it.
There are four kinds of impactions to be found in patients. These are:
— Vertical bone impaction: This causes pathosis within the jaw bone or the cheek bone.
— Horizontal bone impaction: Besides causing pathosis, flat placement results in harming the second molar’s tough tissue resulting in cavities and toothache.
This may also result in adverse effects that are same and suffering for the patients. This really is also referred to as tissue impaction as the wisdom tooth breaks from a tissue.
Impacted wisdom teeth removal technique
At times all the four wisdom teeth is removed, while at other times, each tooth is removed in separate sessions. Your oral surgeon will take the ultimate decision regarding the removal. X rays will be taken how close the impacted teeth are to the gums surface or to find out the degree of infection.
Prior to the removal of the tooth, you’ll be given a local anesthetic for numbing the region. In case multiple wisdom teeth are to be removed, a general anesthesia is given. For removing the impacted tooth, the dentist takes the bone out and opens the gum tissue lying above the tooth. The tissue that connects the tooth and the bone is removed, followed by the removal of the tooth. In some instances, the oral surgeon cuts the tooth into several small pieces for easy removal.
Stitches might get broken up over time or will need to be eliminated within a couple of days. A cotton gauze pad will probably be set on top of the bleeding, to be able to stop it from the wound. The time taken for the operation may range anywhere from one to a number of hours on the basis of the degree of impaction as well as the number of teeth to be eliminated.