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Mouth Herpes Symptoms and Treatment
Dental Health Care Guides

Mouth Herpes Symptoms and Treatment

Mouth herpes is considered as a common infection infected the area of the mouth. The presence of painful blisters is a clear sign of this infection. Before discussing symptom of herpes in mouth, it is better to know what causes oral herpes. Mouth herpes that occurs on the mouth, lips, and gingiva is caused by a virus called herpes simplex (HSV). There are actually two types of herpes simplex virus; herpes virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2). The former type mostly causes mouth herpes while the later type causes genital herpes. However, HSV-2 can also cause herpes in the mouth area as the virus can also be spread through oral sex.

oral herpes simplex virus infection pictures mouth herpes symptoms and treatment

Oral Herpes Symptoms in Mouth

After the virus enters the body at the first time, it becomes inactive in the nerve tissues in the mouth. The virus can reactive due to certain conditions like getting stressed or fatigue. When it is active, it often causes cold sores. If you touch the outbreak or herpes sore, including infected objects like dishes, clothes, and other shared items belong to someone who is infected, you will get the disease. So, the virus is contagious and can spread easily. Having intimate with an infected person can also spread the virus. Even any regular daily activities can spread the virus from parents to their children whom they are taking care of.

In order to prevent the virus from spreading and infecting more people, you should know the symptoms of the disease and how to treat them. Getting mouth ulcers is the most common symptom when the HSV virus first infects the body especially in children below 5 years old. The severity of symptoms ranges from mild to severe. The symptoms may not appear for some people. The symptoms include itching around the mouth area, tingling, and burning. Then, you will also get fewer and sore throat followed by blister outbreak on your lips, gums, and throat.

You can recognize the blisters from what they look like. They are red. They break open and leak (this is called an outbreak). The outbreak results in smaller new blisters with clear yellowish fluid. These blisters grow together forming a bigger blister. The outbreaks can last to three weeks and heal themselves. As they heal, the blisters get crusty. Herpes infection can occur again for the second time. The symptoms are usually less severe than the first time. Stress, hormonal change, and sun exposure are the major triggers of waking up a dormant virus.

Exams and Tests will be performed by doctors to diagnose the disease. Most doctors can diagnose herpes by looking at the sores and blisters in the mouth. Sometimes, a laboratory test is done for further examination. In this procedure, a sample of sore needs to be taken and it is checked in the laboratory. There are specific medications to treat mouth herpes such as Acyclovir and Valacyclovir. These antiviral medicines work to ease the symptoms and reduce the pain. They can work more effectively if you take them before any blisters appear.

image: medscoopdaily.com