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Periodontal Disease Stages and Symptoms - Dental Health Care Guides
Dental Health Care Guides

Periodontal Disease Stages and Symptoms

There are four stages of periodontal disease. The first stage is what is known as gingivitis. This is the mildest stage of a periodontal disease where only a few symptoms occur. Red and swelling gums, occasional bad breath, and bleeding when brushing may indicate that a person has gingivitis. Sometimes, the symptoms are not noticeable that some people do not know they have a gingival infection. When they know, it already progresses to the next stages. Knowing that there is a problem with your oral health in the first stage can prevent it to develop to further levels. In this level, plaque forms around the base of the teeth. This area is called sulcus.

Stages of Periodontal Disease Chart Periodontal Disease Stages and Symptoms

Periodontal Disease Beginning Stages

The plaque itself is a substance formed by an accumulation of debris. Bacteria can grow in the plaque and start infecting the gums. When you find your gums swelling and there is a buildup of plaque, you must try to clean the plaque by performing good oral hygiene otherwise the condition can advance to the next level of periodontitis and other dental problems. Excellent oral hygiene can reverse gingivitis completely. In addition, you need to do a regular checkup with your dentist. Dental checkup is important even for those who have no problems with their oral health.

When gingivitis is not treated (probably because the signs are not obvious), it may lead to the second stage of periodontal disease called slight periodontal disease. In this level, plaque develops into tartar. Brushing and flossing will not help to remove tartar because this substance is hard. The infection starts to affect supporting tissue but it has not reached the bone so the teeth have not yet been loose. Treatment for this stage includes professional dental cleaning such as scaling and root planning. These deeper cleaning can effectively remove plaque and tartar.

A slight periodontal disease, if left untreated, can lead to a moderate stage. More or less, the symptoms are similar to the previous stages but they are worse. Redness of gums is increasing, bad breath is worse, and bleeding occurs more often. In this stage, the infection spreads to the supporting bone. It goes deeper destroying the bone. The bone is lost gradually. The pockets become deeper that the tooth is more prone to loose. Treatment should be done to avoid deeper infection. If it is not completely treated, it will eventually progress into more bleeding, teeth loosening, recessed gums, and shifting teeth.

The ultimate stage of periodontal disease is advanced periodontitis where the infection deepens much further. In this stage, the type of bacteria that cause infection start to change. They become virulent. Further bone loss and teeth loosening occur in this stage. Not only do the infectious bacteria affect oral health, they also cause systemic diseases as they start to entering the blood stream. Symptoms of this stage are no longer unnoticeable. The sufferers will find more abscesses with pus in their mouth causing severe bad breath. They will also feel pain when chewing. Although the infection is now so deep, the periodontal diseases can be successfully treated using surgery or laser therapy.