A periodontal disease that affects gums is the result of untreated mild gum inflammation. It is a condition where bacteria thriven in plaques that forms on the teeth release toxins that infect the gums. The diseases can be treated in various ways depending on the severity levels and your overall health condition. Treatment periodontal disease includes non-surgical treatment for earlier stage and surgery for the more severe condition.
Treatments for Periodontal Disease
Non-surgical treatment includes professional dental cleaning such as scaling and root planning. This is aimed at removing plaque and tartar front teeth. Plaque is a substance forms on the teeth (it can be seen above and below the gum line) that contains bacteria while tartar is a plaque that hardens (also called as calculus). Brushing and flossing cannot take tartar off your teeth because the substance already hardens. It can go away only through professional removal.
The procedures for removing plaque and tartar typically include scaling and root planning. Scaling is the procedure to scrap away any substances that form around the teeth. Meanwhile, planning is the process of smoothing the rough spots on the teeth. This allows gums to reattach to the teeth easily because the surface of the teeth is already smooth. It doesn’t require much time for your dentist or periodontist to perform the procedure. After the removal, usually the problem clears up but there are chances that plaque will form again. Therefore, this dental cleaning should be done at least twice a year. For people with no history of gum disease, it is still important to check your mouth to see whether there is the plaque or not. Often, we do not realize that plaque develops on the teeth because it does not hurt.
As plaque is easy to accumulate, you can perform at-home oral hygiene in addition to professional dental cleaning. Your dentist may recommend some products that include soft toothbrushes, toothpaste, and mouthwash cleaning agents. He or she will also give instruction on the proper brushing and flossing technique.
Sometimes, non-surgical treatment is not enough to completely treatment for severe periodontal disease. Patients whose infected gum tissue is already unhealthy that it can be fixed with scaling and planning needs to take surgical options. There are a number of surgery types. A periodontist will decide the right surgery type depending on the damage of the gum itself.
The first type of surgery is the one that aims to reduce the pocket size. It is also called flap surgery. In this method, tartar is completely after the gums are lifted back. Then, the gums are placed tightly on the teeth as where they were. Because the tissue is snugly fitted on the teeth, the space between the teeth and gums can be reduced. There will no place for infection-causing germs to hide and grow. In this way, gum diseases caused by bacterial infection can be prevented. The second method is bone grafts. Because the bone is already damaged that it can support the teeth anymore, it should be replaced with bone fragments or synthetic bone. Another method is tissue graft. It has a similar procedure as a bone graft while the unhealthy tissue is replaced with tissue take from other areas of the mouth.