Types of Infected Gums: Gingivitis vs Periodontitis

Some people still confuse gingivitis with periodontitis. Both of them are kinds of infected gums but they are different one to another. Gingivitis or gingival infection is more common than periodontitis. Actually, a periodontal disease is led by gingivitis. In other words, gingivitis is the earliest stage of periodontitis. Gingivitis does not always develop to a periodontal disease. If it is well treated you can get rid of periodontitis but if it is not, it can advance to periodontitis that can ultimately cause tooth loss and even other health problems. Gingivitis itself is often triggered by poor oral hygiene.

You should be familiar with gum infection symptoms so when you have them, you can directly seek medical attention to relieve the symptoms. It starts when the infected gums become red and swollen. Sometimes they are also painful and can bleed easily. At this stage, you may not feel serious discomfort. As it is mostly caused by inadequate oral hygiene, good oral home care can reverse this disease. People with certain conditions such as stress, hormonal changes, diabetes mellitus, HIV/AIDS, pregnancy, and systemic disorder have a higher risk of gum infection.


Mouth Gum Infection Treatment

How does mild gum infection become a periodontal disease? It begins when plaque builds up at the infected gums. The plaque is a place where bacteria grow. It keeps spreading and growing affecting the line of the gums. As a result, the gums get more irritated. Eventually, the bone and tissue that are supposed to hold the teeth are damaged, making the teeth loose and need to be removed.

There are several forms of a periodontal disease. The most common one is chronic periodontitis which predominantly happen to adults, although some kids can also get this problem. This type of periodontitis has slow progress at the beginning but over time, rapid progression may happen. The second type is aggressive periodontitis which shows rapid progress to tooth decay and loss. Another type of periodontitis is the one manifested in systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, heart disease, malnutrition, etc.

Severe gum infection is preventable. What you need to do is to be aware of the symptoms. Swollen gums that feel tender, receding gums, bad breath, and pus coming out from the sore are signs that you have gingivitis.

If your gums show the aforementioned symptoms, you’d better to see your dentist soon. The earlier you get treatment, the less likely you will be suffered from periodontitis. Your dentist will observe the symptoms diagnose the disease and later give the right treatment and medication. In addition to taking medication, it is imperative to perform proper oral hygiene. The basic ways to keep your mouth and teeth clean are by properly brush and floss. Brushing and flossing can prevent the buildup of plaque and the growth of bacteria. It is very important to regularly brush your teeth because plaque can rapidly re-form. It the plaque is not removed right away, it will be more difficult to remove. For plaques that are difficult to remove, simply ask your dentist to remove them with a professional dental cleaning.

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