The number of adults’ teeth is averagely 32. These teeth have different names and functions. The teeth located in the front of the mouth are aimed to grasp and bite food into smaller pieces. Whereas, the teeth positioned at the back, called molar teeth are used to grind food so it can be easily swallowed. Actually, our mouth can only hold 28 teeth. When the last four molars, also called the third molars or wisdom teeth emerge, it can be so painful. You may have ever heard so many times that sometimes wisdom teeth should be extracted or removed. Is molar tooth extraction necessary?
Actually, third molars do not always need to be extracted. It depends on a particular condition of a person. If wisdom teeth are properly aligned and you have healthy gum tissue, they do not need to be extracted. However, this rarely happens. In most cases, wisdom teeth often do not erupt properly. The teeth usually only emerge partially, grow sideways, or even they cannot emerge because the teeth are trapped beneath the bone and gum. All these conditions are called impacted wisdom teeth. It can cause some problems especially when bacteria grow in the opening around the teeth. The infection will occur. It results in severe pain, stiffness, swelling, and illness. The impacted tooth tries to find a path to erupt. This causes pressure on the gum that may move the natural alignment of the other teeth including destructing the jawbone as well. That is why a tooth extraction is necessary as it can solve the problem and prevent further complication to occur.
Molar Extraction Healing Time
Your dentist will decide whether you need tooth removal or not by conducting an oral examination to evaluate the position of the wisdom teeth. Even when the teeth have not emerged yet, using x-rays, the dentist can predict whether or not they cause problems in the future. It is recommended to have teeth evaluation in the mid-teenage years before wisdom teeth erupt so early treatment can be performed.
If wisdom teeth removal is needed, your orthodontist will schedule a surgery. During the surgery, you won’t feel pain because the procedure is performed under anesthesia. There are even several types of anesthesia offered to patients so they can choose one for their convenience. After the tooth is removed, the gum is stitched. You are asked to bite down on a gauzed placed on the surgical site in order to control bleeding. The gauzed should be replaced with a new one every a couple of hours in the first 24 hours.
After the surgery, it is common the patients feel mild to moderate post-operative discomfort. Doctors usually prescribe aspirin, ibuprofen, or other non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory medicine to relieve pain. Antibiotics are also given to prevent infection. In addition to the prescribed medicine, doctors also suggest some post-operative home care than can help heal faster such as performing proper oral hygiene that includes brushing teeth gently, rinsing mouth with salt water, etc., eating soft food, reducing vigorous activities for a few days, and much more.